Difference Between Microwave and Oven

If you are interested in buying a microwave but do not know how they compare to ovens, then this article will tell you how they differ. A microwave is kitchen equipment used primarily for heating food, whereas an oven is a thermally insulated space used for heating and baking. Our comparison will cover their advantages and disadvantages and round things off with a general assessment.

What is Microwave?

A microwave is an electronic device that heats food by utilising electromagnetic radiation in the microwave range. A microwave uses a process known as dielectric heating, which enables polarised food molecules to rotate and accumulate thermal energy, resulting in efficient and speedy food heating. 

The microwave oven is mainly used to reheat already cooked food and to slow cook ingredients like butter, chocolate, and fats. However, since microwave ovens are unable to produce the same flavours as frying, baking, or browning, they cannot be used in professional kitchens.

What is Oven?

The most widely used appliance in the culinary industry is the oven, a thermally insulated chamber used for baking, heating, or drying. There are many different kinds of ovens, and the furnaces and kilns used for metalworking and pottery making are very different from their counterparts used for baking bread and other baked goods.

Ovens come in a wide variety of styles and varieties today. An earth oven is a heated pit dug into the ground that’s frequently used for food’s slow cooking. Indians frequently refer to the ceramic oven, which includes the brick oven, as the tandoor and use it for both baking pizza and slowly cooking meats. The gas oven is a more traditional oven that is used in almost all homes for all types of baking. The masonry oven is constructed of a fire-resistant layer made of concrete, brick, stone, or clay, and it is typically fired with wood, natural gas, coal, or electricity. When it comes to the culinary arts, it is a common choice of cooking and is frequently used for baking bread and pizzas.

Microwave Vs Oven

Microwaves and ovens differ in power due to the different ways they are used to cook food. You might achieve better results with one or the other, depending on what you require. It’s sometimes just a matter of personal preference.

ReheatingMicrowave reheating is almost always the better choice. You can be sure that food is fully cooked if you are reheating it. Neither raw meat nor food-borne illness is a concern. The only requirement is that your food is hot. That can be achieved quickly by microwaves.Ovens can also be used to reheat food. An oven is more effective if you’re trying to reheat an entire casserole. You can avoid having soggy fries by using them. But it won’t happen quickly.
Large DishesLarge dishes typically cannot fit in many microwaves. Furthermore, microwave cooking is ineffective when preparing big, sturdy dishes.With no cold spots or need to stir, ovens completely cook food. Microwaves will have difficulty cooking more than a few servings.
Small DishesIn a microwave, it’s simple to thoroughly cook smaller portions. Even for many smaller dishes are made to be microwave-cooked.It is a waste of time and energy to heat an oven to its highest setting just to cook a single serving of something.
Quality,On the other hand, ovens also have the ability to crisp and caramelise food. The reason for this is that microwaves cause the water in your food to become excited, preventing the edges from becoming tasty and browned.Though evenly heating food, ovens also avoid cold spots. If you can’t stir your food while it’s cooking in the microwave, it could come out cold inside. Using an oven will give you better results if you want to create food of the calibre served in restaurants.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Microwave

Advantages of Microwave:

  • The use of a microwave are incredibly simple. Everything is as simple as placing your food inside and setting the timer for the desired level of cooking. 
  • Food cooked in a microwave is a lot faster than in an oven. 
  • The oven is cooked at maximum efficiency the moment it is turned on, so there is no need for preheating. Since the food absorbs the radiation, there is no need to waste time or energy on warming the area around it.
  • In general, microwaves are less expensive than ovens.
  • They don’t require any installation fees, as compared to ovens, microwave ovens typically use a lot less energy.
  • Additionally, microwave ovens are easier to clean, take up less space, and are more hygienic.

Disadvantages of Microwaves:

  • On thick foods, microwaves are ineffective. They can’t cook foods that are at least an inch thick, despite their extremely even heat distribution. 
  • It’s not as much of a problem if you’re just reheating something. If you’re attempting to prepare meat. For instance, don’t microwave a chicken filet to cook it.
  • Microwaves are more likely to cause accidents. 
  • In a microwave, some foods can blow up. Suppose you were to microwave some eggs to make them poached. If you don’t have enough water, it could result in a small egg explosion. Additionally, no metals are allowed in the microwave. 
  • Microwaves reflected off metal can ignite sparks or cause combustion. While most people are aware of that fact, parents should ensure that their children are as well.

Advantages of Oven:

  • A typical oven can be utilised for a variety of purposes. Along with cooking, there is toasting, grilling, and baking. You don’t have the same selection as ovens.
  • The ability to control the temperature is one of the oven’s other key advantages. 
  • Different foods cook more quickly or at specific temperatures. 
  • Like a microwave, an oven with a fan will also evenly distribute heat. This is crucial for your oven’s functionality so that it can cook consistently and thoroughly.

Disadvantages of Oven:

  • Without a fan or convection setting, your oven will probably heat unevenly. This might result in uneven cooking.
  • Compared to microwaves, ovens typically require a lot more time to cook food.
  • However, the biggest drawback of a traditional oven is its cost. 


1. Can I make pizza in a microwave?

Yes! Making pizza in a microwave is a simple process.

2. Is the microwave cheaper than the oven?

Operating a microwave is cheaper than an ordinary oven. Consequently, cooking takes less time and uses less energy. Compared to ovens, microwaves typically draw less power and use less energy to heat food.

3. Can I reheat food in the oven?

Yes! The food is reheated in the oven.

4. What is convection mode?

Food can be prepared in Convection Mode just as it would be in a conventional oven. It does not operate in microwave mode. Eight pre-programmed levels of temperature between 40 and 200 degrees Celsius can be selected as needed. There is a 60-minute time limit on cooking.

5. What is a convection microwave?

Convection microwaves combine the features of a convection oven with those of a microwave. In addition to roasting, baking, grilling, and steaming, they can heat and defrost food just like conventional microwaves.

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